Tolkien, The Hobbit and Middle-Earth

The Hobbit
Last Wednesday we went to see The Hobbit: an Unexpected Journey. Whereas I’ve read The Lord of the Rings several times, I’ve never read The Hobbit, so the story was new to me. It meant that I could watch the film, totally unbothered by any changes from the book. And no doubt there are differences, as the book has been transformed into three films.

I enjoyed the film immensely, although, as I expected, there was too much fighting for my liking, which made my eyes glaze over. (This is my normal reaction to fighting scenes.) The hobbit, Bilbo Baggins, Gandalf and a party of dwarves, led by their king, Thorin Oakenshield go on a quest to recover the lost Dwarf Kingdom of Erebor and its long-lost treasure, guarded by Smaug, the dragon. Their journey takes them into great danger through lands occupied by orcs, goblins, wargs and sorcerers and sees the first meeting of Bilbo and Gollum (Andy Serkis) in which Bilbo gains possession of the precious Ring.

Martin Freeman was perfect as Bilbo Baggins, as was Ian McKellen as Gandalf, and Richard Armitage as Thorin Oakenshield. It was Ken Stott’s voice (and his mouth) that made me realise he was taking the part of Balin the dwarf, but I completely failed to see that the Goblin King was played by Barry Humphries. The rest of the cast was also excellent and the scenery was magical.

There are many books now about Tolkien and his writings – I have just two books of reference on Tolkien’s works, both from pre-movie days:The Tolkien and Middle Earth Handbook by Colin Duriez, which is a mine of information about Tolkien’s life, thoughts and writings. It’s an A-Z of people, places and things of importance in Tolkien’s books as well as containing details of Tolkien’s friends, colleagues, writers and thinkers who influenced his work.

Tolkien is now so well known, not only through his books, but also through Peter Jackson’s films, that it’s hard to believe that at one time his publishers thought the The Lord of the Rings could make a financial loss for them. Duriez writes:

In those unenlightened days, the learned Professor could mutter the word ‘Orc’ at uncouth behaviour, or exclaim ‘Mordor in our midst’ at an ugly example of modern life, without its meaning being known to the general public.

I think this book is a good source to discover information not only about the characters, but also the back-stories of Tolkien’s invented mythology. It is, of course, selective and certainly doesn’t aim to be comprehensive, because of the sheer volume and breadth of Tolkien’s works, but it’s certainly a good starting place.

The other book I have is A Tolkien Bestiary by David Day. A bestiary is an illustrated book about beasts, popular in the Middle Ages and this one includes Tolkien’s fantastical beasts and monsters, together with the races, flora and fauna that inhabit Middle-Earth and the Undying Lands. There are colour and black and white illustrations, maps, time charts and genealogical tables, plus a useful index. A mine of information from before Peter Jackson’s movies were made. Here, for example is the illustration of Gandalf (very similar to Ian McKellan’s portrayal, I think!) and of Gandalf and some of the dwarves making their way to Bilbo’s house in the Shire:
Tolkien Bestiary Gandalf

Since seeing the film I’ve downloaded an Enhanced Edition of The Hobbit. This has illustrations and audio/video content available for iPads, iPhones, and iPod Touch devices, including J R R Tolkien singing and reading from his book.

It also includes illustrations by Tolkien and one of the manuscript pages of his original draft of the first chapter. In the Foreword, Christopher Tolkien, Tolkien’s son reveals that his father had a clear recollection of writing the opening sentence of The Hobbit. It was whilst he was sitting correcting School Certificate papers and on a blank piece of paper he scrawled: ‘In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.’ He did not know then and later why that came into his head, but years later it became The Hobbit. And he couldn’t remember when. But his sons think it must have been around 1929. During the years that followed Tolkien wrote more of the book and became engrossed in The Silmarillion, the myths and legends of his invented world.

Now I just need to read the book itself! And then I may have to re-read The Lord of the Rings, and find a biography of Tolkien too. There are so many books about Tolkien – can anyone recommend any of them?

9 thoughts on “Tolkien, The Hobbit and Middle-Earth

  1. I’m due to go to the movie next weekend,since we had the flu at our house this weekend again. I’m so happy to hear you enjoyed it so much. I have grown up with the HObbit and Lord of the Rings,so I am a bit hesitant about what I will find in The HObbit, though i have read The Silmarillion also many years ago, and am curious how Jackson has incorporated the information into the movies.

    Humphrey Carpenter has a biography out on Tolkien that is considered good. There is also a book of Tolkien’s letters.


    1. Thanks, Susan. I know how you feel about seeing a film of a book you know well. I was a bit disappointed with The Lord of the Rings movies, mainly because they just didn’t match my vision of the characters and locations – impossible, I know. I hope you do enjoy The Hobbit. I haven’t read The Silmarillion, so I don’t know if Jackson used it for the film.


  2. As we live in The Shire, with Ted Sandyman’s mill just down the road and The Old Forest only a couple of miles further away, there was a family outing to see The Hobbit as soon as it was released. I do know the books extremely well and was struck by two things where the issue of the accuracy of the adaptation was concerned. The most obvious was that while Tolkien was writing The Hobbit with no thought of The Lord of the Rings, Jackson had definitely made the film knowing that it had to be able to segue straight into his earlier cinematic trilogy. This was most apparent in his treatment of the time spent by the Dwarves in Rivendell, which is much more sober and edgy than it is in the book. The most pleasing was that while it did mean the addition of an event that isn’t in the book, Jackson was able to give this film a narrative arc of its own. That is so important that I forgave him the digression.


  3. Margaret – I used to have a copy of the Tolkien Bestiary – don’t know what happened to it sadly, but I don’t have it any longer.

    I enjoyed the film of the Hobbit. I like the younger dwarves being handsome, and James Nesbitt didn’t annoy me for once. I thought Sylvester McCoy was a bit overdone as Radagast though … it was the guano in his beard! I didn’t get Barry Humphies either – thought it was Stephen Fry at first. Loved it though, looking forward to parts II & III.


  4. Margaret – I’m so glad you enjoyed the film. My husband and I saw it a few weeks ago and we thought it very well-done. Different to the book of course, but still a good film. And yes, Martin Freeman was excellent as Bilbo. Thanks also for these other resources. They’re all so beautifully illustrated! They seem awfully informative, too.


  5. Years ago (at a bad time in my life) I read the series which was loaned to me by a friend. She had the idea that the books would take me out of my doldrums and into this fantasy life. It worked! I really got into it, and I never read fantasy at all, so that was sort of like working a miracle. I doubt if I’ll be able to see the movie but I have wonderful memories of the books.


  6. I also like LotR better than The Hobbit (the book), but the third LotR film really did not work for me, so I decided to skip the Hobbit films.


  7. oh, and I meant to recommend a book about Tolkien. I hit the comment button to soon! Tom Shippey has a book called Author of the Century that is really interesting, and he wrote The Road to Middle Earth which is on my TBR.


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